Ethical Principles and Publication Policy

Publication Ethics

Journal of Academic Analysis (JAC) provides the basis for the development and distribution of information in an impartial and respectful manner in its publication processes. The processes implemented in this direction directly reflect on the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support the authors. Peer-reviewed studies are studies that embody and support the scientific method. At this point, it is important that all stakeholders of the process (authors, readers and researchers, publisher, referees and editors) comply with the standards regarding ethical principles. Within the scope of JAC publication ethics, all stakeholders are expected to bear the following ethical responsibilities. iThenticate, Turnitin or can be used for ethical auditing and prevention of unethical initiatives.

The ethical duties and responsibilities listed below have been prepared as open access, taking into account the guidelines and policies published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors

Author(s) submitting work to JAC are expected to comply with the following ethical responsibilities:

* The works submitted by the author(s) are expected to be original. If the author(s) benefit from or use other works, they are required to cite and/or quote completely and accurately.

* Persons who do not contribute intellectually to the content in the creation of the work should not be listed as authors.

* All studies submitted for publication must disclose situations and relationships that may constitute a conflict of interest, if any.

*Raw data regarding their articles may be requested from the author(s) within the framework of the evaluation processes; In such a case, the author(s) should be ready to present the expected data and information to the editorial board.

*The author(s) must have a document showing that they have the rights to use the data used, the necessary permissions for the research/analysis, or that the consent of the experimental subjects has been obtained.

* If the author(s) notices a mistake or error regarding his/her published work, at the early appearance or evaluation stage, he/she has the obligation to cooperate with the editor in informing, correcting or retracting the journal editor or publisher.

* Authors cannot submit their works to the application process of more than one journal at the same time. Each application can be initiated following completion of the previous application. Work published in another journal cannot be sent to JAC.

* Changing the author responsibilities of a study whose evaluation process has already started (such as adding authors, changing the author order, removing authors, etc.) cannot be proposed.

Within the framework of ethical rules; Research that requires Ethics Committee Permission to be evaluated in the journal is as follows:

* All kinds of research conducted with qualitative or quantitative approaches that require collecting data from participants using survey, interview, focus group study, observation, experiment and interview techniques,

* Use of humans and animals (including materials/data) for experimental or other scientific purposes,

* Clinical studies conducted on humans,

* Research conducted on animals,

* Retrospective studies in accordance with the personal data protection law.


In this context, the studies to be evaluated in our journal:


* Indicating that an "informed consent form" was obtained in case reports,

* Obtaining and specifying permission from the owners for the use of scales, surveys and photographs belonging to others,

* It must be stated that copyright regulations are complied with for the ideas and artistic works used.

Ethical Duties and Responsibilities of Editors

JAC editors must have the following ethical duties and responsibilities based on the "COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors" and "COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors" published as open access by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE):

General duties and responsibilities

Responsible for every publication published in JAC. In the context of this responsibility, editors have the following roles and responsibilities:

* Making efforts to meet the information needs of readers and writers,

* Ensuring continuous development of the journal, * Carrying out processes to improve the quality of studies published in the journal,

* Supporting freedom of thought,

* Ensuring academic integrity,

* Continuing business processes without compromising intellectual property rights and ethical standards,

* Demonstrate openness and transparency in terms of publication on matters requiring correction and clarification.

Relations with the reader

Editors should make their decisions by taking into account the knowledge, skills and experience expectations of all readers, researchers and practitioners. Care should be taken to ensure that published studies contribute to readers, researchers, practitioners and scientific literature and are original. In addition, editors are obliged to take into account the feedback from readers, researchers and practitioners and to give descriptive and informative feedback.

Relations with authors

The duties and responsibilities of the editors to the authors are as follows:

* Editors must make positive or negative decisions based on the importance of the studies, their original value, their validity, clarity of expression, and the aims and objectives of the journal.

* Editors should take the studies that are suitable for the scope of the publication to the preliminary evaluation stage, unless they have serious problems.

* Editors should not ignore positive referee suggestions unless there is a serious problem with the study.

* New editors should not change the decisions made by the previous editor(s) regarding the work unless there is a serious problem.

* "Blind Referee and Evaluation Process" must be published and editors must prevent any deviations that may occur in the defined processes.

* Editors should publish an "Author's Guide" detailing every subject expected of them by the authors. These guides should be updated periodically.

* Authors should be informed and returned in an explanatory and informative way.

Relations with referees

The duties and responsibilities of the editors towards the referees are as follows:

* Referees should be determined in accordance with the subject of the study.

* It is responsible for providing the information and guides that the referees will need during the evaluation phase.

* It has to consider whether there is a conflict of interest between the authors and the referees.

* In the context of blind refereeing, referees must keep their identity information confidential.

* It should encourage reviewers to evaluate the work in an impartial, scientific and objective language. * Referees should be evaluated with criteria such as timely return and performance.

* It should determine practices and policies that increase the performance of referees.

* Necessary steps must be taken to dynamically update the referee pool.

* Unkind and unscientific evaluations should be discouraged.

* Steps should be taken to ensure that the referee pool consists of a broad spectrum.

Relations with the editorial board

Editors must ensure that all editorial board members follow the publication policies and guidelines. The editorial board must inform its members about publication policies and keep them informed of developments. He/she must train new editorial board members on editorial policies and provide them with the information they need.

Also editors;

* Editorial board members must ensure that they evaluate the work impartially and independently.

* The new editorial board members should be able to contribute and should be determined as appropriate.

* The members of the editorial board should submit studies suitable for their field of expertise for evaluation.

* Must interact regularly with the editorial board.

* Meetings should be held with the editorial board periodically for the development of publication policies and the journal.

Relations with the magazine owner and publisher

The relationship between the editors and the publisher is based on the principle of editorial independence.

Editorial and blind peer review processes

Editors; is obliged to implement the "Blind Refereeing and Evaluation Process" policies included in the journal's publication policies. In this context, the editors ensure that the fair, impartial and timely evaluation process of each work is completed.

Quality assurance Editors; is responsible for publishing every article published in the journal in accordance with journal publication policies and international standards.

Protection of personal data

Editors; is obliged to ensure the protection of personal data regarding the subjects or images included in the evaluated studies. Unless the explicit consent of the individuals used in the studies is documented, they are responsible for refusing the study. In addition, editors; The author is responsible for protecting the individual data of the referees and readers.

Ethics committee, human and animal rights

Editors; It is responsible for ensuring the protection of human and animal rights in the evaluated studies. Ethics committee approval regarding the subjects used in the studies is responsible for rejecting the study in cases where there is no permission for experimental research.

Precaution against possible misconduct and misconduct

Editors; is obliged to take precautions against possible abuse and misconduct. In addition to conducting a meticulous and objective investigation to identify and evaluate complaints regarding this situation, sharing the relevant findings is among the editor's responsibilities.

Ensuring academic publication integrity

Editors must ensure that errors, inconsistencies or misleading judgments in studies are quickly corrected.

Protection of intellectual property rights

Editors; is obliged to protect the intellectual property rights of all published articles and to defend the rights of the journal and the author(s) in case of possible violations. In addition, the editors are obliged to take the necessary measures so that the contents of all published articles do not violate the intellectual property rights of other publications.

Constructiveness and openness to discussion


* It should take into account the persuasive criticisms of the works published in the journal and should adopt a constructive attitude towards these criticisms.

* The author(s) of the criticized works should be given the right to reply.

* One should not ignore or exclude studies containing negative results.


Editors; The author is obliged to carefully examine the complaints from the referees or readers and respond in an enlightening and explanatory manner.

Political and Commercial concerns

The journal owner, publisher or any other political or commercial factor does not influence the editors' independent decision-making.

Conflicts of interest

Editors; takes into account the conflicts of interest between the author(s), referees and other editors, and ensures that the publication process of the studies is completed in an independent and impartial manner.

Ethical Responsibilities of Referees

Evaluation of all studies by "Blind Referee" directly affects the quality of publication. This process provides confidence through objective and independent evaluation of the publication. JAC evaluation process is carried out on the principle of double-blind refereeing. Referees cannot contact the authors directly, evaluations and comments are transmitted through the journal management system. In this process, evaluation forms and referee comments on full texts are forwarded to the author(s) through the editor. In this context, reviewers who evaluate studies for JAC are expected to have the following ethical responsibilities:

* He/she must agree to evaluate only studies related to his/her field of expertise.

* The evaluation must be impartial and confidential.

* If he thinks he is facing a conflict of interest during the evaluation process, he should refuse to review the study and inform the journal editor.

* In accordance with the principle of confidentiality, they must destroy the studies they have examined after the evaluation process. They may only use the final versions of the studies they review after they are published.

* The evaluation should be made objectively only in relation to the content of the study. Nationality, gender, religious beliefs, political beliefs and commercial concerns should not be allowed to influence the evaluation.

* The evaluation should be made in a constructive and polite manner. Must not make derogatory personal comments that include hostility, slander or insults.

* They must carry out the work they have agreed to evaluate in a timely manner and with the above ethical responsibilities.

Ethical Responsibilities of the Publisher

JAC is not for profit. In this context, JAC acts with the awareness of the following ethical responsibilities:

* Editors are responsible for all processes of works submitted to JAC. In this context, editors are the decision-makers, regardless of economic or political gains.

* It undertakes to create an independent editorial decision.

* Editors have the responsibility to take precautions against all kinds of scientific misconduct, citation fraud and plagiarism.

If You Encounter an Unethical Situation

If you encounter any unethical behavior or content other than the ethical responsibilities mentioned in JAC, please report it to by e-mail.

Publication Policy

* JAC is an international peer-reviewed periodical journal published twice a year in June and December. The journal includes original theoretical and empirical studies in the fields of Business, Economics, Finance, Econometrics, International Relations, Public Administration, Political Science, Social Work, Health, Sociology, Psychology, Law and History. The publication language of the journal is English and Turkish.

* Articles sent to the journal are first subjected to preliminary examination in terms of form and content. The format requirements and submission process must be fulfilled in accordance with the terms and conditions of the journal. Works that do not comply with these are subject to editorial rejection. Articles deemed appropriate in form and content are submitted to the editorial board to appoint a referee. There is no guarantee that articles submitted to the journal will be included in the referee process. In addition, no date is given for the evaluation period of the articles.

* Articles sent to the journal are sent to at least two referees who are related to the field of the article for evaluation. If one of the referee reports is positive and the other is negative, the publication decision is made by the journal editors. If deemed necessary, the article may be sent to a third referee for evaluation.

* An author whose article has been published in the journal cannot apply for a new article with a request for publication within 1 year. At least one year must pass before the author's second article can be published.

* Articles submitted to the journal must not be in the evaluation process of another journal at the same time and must not have been previously accepted for publication or published anywhere. Responsibility in this regard belongs to the author(s) of the article.

* JAC does not charge authors any article submission fee for their work to be accepted and published. Authors are not paid royalties.